Purpose: Integrated parallel reception, excitation, and shimming coil arrays with N shim loops per radio-frequency (RF) coil element (iPRES(N)) allow an RF current and N direct currents (DC) to flow in each coil element, enabling simultaneous reception/excitation and shimming of highly localized B0 inhomogeneities. The purpose of this work was to reduce the cost and complexity of this design by reducing the number of DC power supplies required by a factor N, while maintaining a high RF and shimming performance.Methods: In the proposed design, termed adaptive iPRES(N) (iPRES(N)-A), each coil element only requires one DC power supply, but uses microelectromechanical systems switches to adaptively distribute the DC current into the appropriate shim loops to generate the desired magnetic field for B0 shimming. Proof-of-concept phantom experiments with an iPRES(2)-A coil and simulations in the human abdomen with an 8-channel iPRES(4)-A body coil array were performed to demonstrate the advantages of this innovative design.
Results: The iPRES(2)-A coil showed no loss in signal-to-noise ratio and provided a much more effective correction of highly localized B0 inhomogeneities and geometric distortions than an equivalent iPRES(1) coil (88.2% vs. 32.2% lower B0 root-mean- square error). The iPRES(4)-A coil array showed a comparable shimming performance as that of an equivalent iPRES(4) coil array (52.6% vs. 54.2% lower B0 root-mean-square error), while only requiring 8 instead of 32 power supplies.
Conclusion: The iPRES(N)-A design retains the ability of the iPRES(N) design to shim highly localized B0 inhomogeneities, while drastically reducing its cost and complexity.